Hardy animals, well adapted for life in the desert (Lev. 7: 23; Deut. 32: 14; 1 Sam. 19: 13), tended with sheep (but separated for milking and feeding). They provided meat, milk, skins, and hair. Goats were sacrificed, e.g. on the Day of Atonement, (Lev. 16: 9) even in the time of Jesus (cf. Matt. 25: 32–3), but Christians repudiated these sacrificial rites (Heb. 9: 12–14). See scapegoat.