The Philistine giant from Gath, over 2.8 m. (9 feet) tall, who issued a challenge to any individual Israelite to combat, to which David responded with a sling and five stones. He struck Goliath's forehead and knocked him unconscious, and then seized his sword and beheaded him (1 Sam. 17: 38–51). Some scholars hold that the giant of 1 Sam. 17 was originally anonymous—he is named only at verse 23—and that Goliath was slain by a certain Elhanan (2 Sam. 21: 19).