Hebrew, meaning ‘certainly’: it became a liturgical response by which worshippers identified themselves with the preceding prayer of praise or petition (Ps. 41: 13; 1 Cor. 14: 16). The Hebrew has a connotation of truth and steadfastness, and the AV translation is ‘Verily, verily’ (John 16: 23). The words often open a discourse of Jesus in the gospel of John and are an expression of his conviction of authority. The use in this gospel may be a reflection of Christian belief rather than a correct record of Jesus' own utterances. In Rev. 3: 14 Jesus is himself called ‘The Amen’.