A city (also spelt Jabneh or Javneh) south of Joppa where after 70 CE a body of Jewish teachers met by way of succeeding to the role of the Sanhedrin but without any formal constitution. It has been suggested that the canon of the Hebrew OT was settled here, but this is unlikely. It was at any rate in the Jamnian period, up to 135 CE—when it was important to come to terms with the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple and to reconstruct a new and authentic Judaism—that the status of books like Ecclesiastes would have been discussed. It is likely that the condemnation of heretics (Christians) was agreed. See baraitha.