the rabbinic types of interpretation. A list attributed to Hillel (1st century bce) includes: kal vaḥomer (deduction from minor to major);gezerah shavah (analogy between texts based on a common word);binyan ʾav mikatuv ʾeḥad (applying a principle derived from one verse);binyan ʾav mishenei ketuvim (applying a principle derived from two verses);kelal uferat uferat ukelal (modifying the general from the particular; modifying the particular from the general);kayotzeʾ bo bemakom ʾaḥer (principles developed from similar passages);davar halamed meʿinyano (deduction from context). See “Classical Rabbinic Interpretation” (pp. 1844–63.)