also called the Palestinian Talmud or the Talmud of the land of Israel, although none of these titles is fully accurate. This Talmud, mostly reflecting traditions of the Galilean ʾ amora ʾ im of the 3rd and 4th centuries ce, is a commentary on several tractates of the Mishnah. It was ultimately seen as less authoritative than the longer, more comprehensive, and more carefully edited Babylonian Talmud. See Talmud.