ʾ Avot (“chapters of the Fathers”) a tractate of the Mishnah (called ʾAvot) that begins by tracing the transmission of the oral law from Moses to the Rabbis; emphasizes the strong link between Torah study and ethical behavior; and contains nonlegal, moralistic sayings of various Rabbis. ʾAvotis included in the traditional prayerbook and is made part of the liturgical recitation in many communities.