The Second Book of Samuel: Chapter 8
Summary of David's Wars. 1 v 1–18: 1 Chr 18, 1–17 . After this David attacked the Philistines and conquered them, wresting …*from the Philistines. 2He also defeated Moab and then measured them with a line, making them lie down on the ground. He told off two lengths of line for execution, and a full length* to be spared. Thus the Moabites became tributary to David. 3 w 3–8: 2 Sm 10, 15–19 . Next David defeated Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah, when he went to reestablish his dominion at the Euphrates River. x 2 Sm 10, 6; 1 Kgs 11, 23 . 4David captured from him one thousand seven hundred horsemen and twenty thousand foot soldiers. And he hamstrung all the chariot horses, preserving only enough for a hundred chariots. y Jos 11, 6. 9 . 5When the Arameans of Damascus came to the aid of Hadadezer, king of Zobah, David slew twenty‐two thousand of them. 6David then placed garrisons in Aram of Damascus, and the Arameans became subjects, tributary to David. The LORD brought David victory in all his undertakings. 7David also took away the golden shields used by Hadadezer's servants and brought them to Jerusalem. [These Shishak, king of Egypt, took away when he came to Jerusalem in the days of Rehoboam, son of Solomon.] 8From Tebah and Berothai, towns of Hadadezer, King David removed a very large quantity of bronze. 9When Toi, king of Hamath, heard that David had defeated all the forces of Hadadezer, 10he sent his son Hadoram to King David to greet him and to congratulate him for his victory over Hadadezer in battle, because Toi had been in many battles with Hadadezer. Hadoram also brought with him articles of silver, gold, and bronze. 11These, too, King David consecrated to the LORD, together with the silver and gold he had taken from every nation he had conquered: 12from Edom and Moab, from the Ammonites, from the Philistines, from the Amalekites, and from the plunder of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah.
13On his return,* David became famous for having slain eighteen thousand Edomites in the Salt Valley; z 2 Kgs 14, 7 . 14after which he placed garrisons in Edom. Thus all the Edomites became David's subjects, and the LORD brought David victory in all his undertakings.
David's Officials. 15 a 15–18: 2 Sm 20, 23–26; 1 Kgs 4, 1–6; 1 Chr 18, 14–17 . David reigned over all Israel, judging and administering justice to all his people. 16Joab, son of Zeruiah, was in command of the army. Jehoshaphat, son of Ahilud, was chancellor. 17Zadok, son of Ahitub, and Ahimelech, son of Abiathar, were priests. Shawsha was scribe. 18Benaiah, son of Jehoiada, was in command of the Cherethites and Pelethites. And David's sons were priests. b 2 Sm 15, 18; 20, 7. 23; 23, 20 .
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