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The Second Letter of Peter: Chapter 1

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1Simeon a Other ancient authorities read Simon Peter, a servant b Gk slave and apostle of Jesus Christ,

To those who have received a faith as precious as ours through the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ: c Or of our God and the Savior Jesus Christ

2May grace and peace be yours in abundance in the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord.

3His divine power has given us everything needed for life and godliness, through the knowledge of him who called us by d Other ancient authorities read through his own glory and goodness. 4Thus he has given us, through these things, his precious and very great promises, so that through them you may escape from the corruption that is in the world because of lust, and may become participants of the divine nature. 5For this very reason, you must make every effort to support your faith with goodness, and goodness with knowledge, 6and knowledge with self-control, and self-control with endurance, and endurance with godliness, 7and godliness with mutual e Gk brotherly affection, and mutual e Gk brotherly affection with love. 8For if these things are yours and are increasing among you, they keep you from being ineffective and unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. 9For anyone who lacks these things is nearsighted and blind, and is forgetful of the cleansing of past sins. 10Therefore, brothers and sisters, f Gk brothers be all the more eager to confirm your call and election, for if you do this, you will never stumble. 11For in this way, entry into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ will be richly provided for you.

12Therefore I intend to keep on reminding you of these things, though you know them already and are established in the truth that has come to you. 13I think it right, as long as I am in this body, g Gk tent to refresh your memory, 14since I know that my death h Gk the putting off of my tent will come soon, as indeed our Lord Jesus Christ has made clear to me. 15And I will make every effort so that after my departure you may be able at any time to recall these things.

16For we did not follow cleverly devised myths when we made known to you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but we had been eyewitnesses of his majesty. 17For he received honor and glory from God the Father when that voice was conveyed to him by the Majestic Glory, saying, “This is my Son, my Beloved, a Other ancient authorities read my beloved Son with whom I am well pleased.” 18We ourselves heard this voice come from heaven, while we were with him on the holy mountain.

19So we have the prophetic message more fully confirmed. You will do well to be attentive to this as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts. 20First of all you must understand this, that no prophecy of scripture is a matter of one's own interpretation, 21because no prophecy ever came by human will, but men and women moved by the Holy Spirit spoke from God. b Other ancient authorities read but moved by the Holy Spirit saints of God spoke

Notes:

a Other ancient authorities read Simon

b Gk slave

c Or of our God and the Savior Jesus Christ

d Other ancient authorities read through

e Gk brotherly

f Gk brothers

g Gk tent

h Gk the putting off of my tent

a Other ancient authorities read my beloved Son

b Other ancient authorities read but moved by the Holy Spirit saints of God spoke

Text Commentary view alone

1.1–11 .

1–2 :

Sender and addressees. The sender's name, Simeon Peter, is a rare Semitic variation of “Simon Peter” or simply “Peter.” As servant and apostle * he claims high status, for great Israelite figures were often called “servant of the Lord” (Moses: Ex 32.13 ; David: 2 Sam 7.5 ). No specific place is addressed; instead the recipients are identified as all those who share a most valuable thing, such as faith in God and Jesus that is, correct faith.

3–10 :

Thanksgiving. Letters often include “thanksgivings,” which introduce themes to be developed.

3–4 :

Peter singles out two blessings for praise: everything needed for life and godliness and precious and very great promises.

5–8 :

Correct faith leads to purity, not corruption, and predicts a sharing in the divine nature in the afterlife. In support, Peter cites a chain of virtues that follow from correct faith (see Rom 5.1–5 ), thus illustrating the principle that “good doctrine leads to good behavior” and vice versa. Besides faith, endurance (hope) and mutual affection, virtues such as knowledge, self-control, and godliness point to topics developed later: correct doctrine, moral rectitude, and justice toward God.

1.12–21 .

12–15 :

Farewell address. Typical of farewell addresses, Peter announces his death. Such biblical forms generally have (1) announcement of death ( 1.14 ); (2) predictions of future crises ( 2.1–3; 3.1–7 ); (3) exhortation * to a specific virtue ( 1.4–11; 3.1–2 ); and (4) legacy ( 2.4–10; 3.8–10 ). This prediction echoes Jn 21.18–19 , even as it confirms the tradition that Peter regularly received special revelations (Mt 16.16–17; 17.25–27 ).

16–21 :

Transfiguration. Claiming to have been present at Jesus' transfiguration (Mt 17.1–8 ), Peter interprets that event as a prophecy of Jesus' return in glory.

16–18 :

As an eyewitness, he claims a role that confirms his authority to explain and defend other prophecies about Jesus, such as his return to judge the world.

19–21 :

He defends the inspiration of both the prophet * who receives prophecy and its interpreter. Prophecy is fully confirmed, or established, because God is its author (This is my beloved Son, note a), and God's Spirit inspires both prophet and interpreter. The prophecy confirmed is about the final judgment of the world. Christ, the morning star (Rev 22.16 ) brings light and hope, not fear.

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