We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more
Select Bible Use this Lookup to open a specific Bible and passage. Start here to select a Bible.
Make selected Bible the default for Lookup tool.
Book: Ch.V. Select book from A-Z list, enter chapter and verse number, and click "Go."
:
OR
  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Look It Up Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Next Result

Ezekiel: Chapter 40

Previous
Jump to: Select book from A-Z list, enter chapter and verse number, and click "Go."
Next
Text view alone

1In the twenty‐fifth year of our exile, at the beginning of the year, on the tenth day of the month, in the fourteenth year after the city was struck down, on that very day, the hand of the LORD was upon me, and he brought me there. 2He brought me, in visions of God, to the land of Israel, and set me down upon a very high mountain, on which was a structure like a city to the south. 3When he brought me there, a man was there, whose appearance shone like bronze, with a linen cord and a measuring reed in his hand; and he was standing in the gateway. 4The man said to me, “Mortal, look closely and listen attentively, and set your mind upon all that I shall show you, for you were brought here in order that I might show it to you; declare all that you see to the house of Israel.”

5Now there was a wall all around the outside of the temple area. The length of the measuring reed in the man's hand was six long cubits, each being a cubit and a handbreadth in length; so he measured the thickness of the wall, one reed; and the height, one reed. 6Then he went into the gateway facing east, going up its steps, and measured the threshold of the gate, one reed deep. a Heb chariots There were 7recesses, and each recess was one reed wide and one reed deep; and the space between the recesses, five cubits; and the threshold of the gate by the vestibule of the gate at the inner end was one reed deep. 8Then he measured the inner vestibule of the gateway, one cubit. 9Then he measured the vestibule of the gateway, eight cubits; and its pilasters, two cubits; and the vestibule of the gate was at the inner end. 10There were three recesses on either side of the east gate; the three were of the same size; and the pilasters on either side were of the same size. 11Then he measured the width of the opening of the gateway, ten cubits; and the width of the gateway, thirteen cubits. 12There was a barrier before the recesses, one cubit on either side; and the recesses were six cubits on either side. 13Then he measured the gate from the back a Another reading is They shall bear of the one recess to the back a Another reading is They shall bear of the other, a width of twenty‐five cubits, from wall to wall. b Heb deep, and one threshold, one reed deep 14He measured c Gk: Heb roof also the vestibule, twenty cubits; and the gate next to the pilaster on every side of the court. d Heb opening facing opening 15From the front of the gate at the entrance to the end of the inner vestibule of the gate was fifty cubits. 16The recesses and their pilasters had windows, with shutters d Heb opening facing opening on the inside of the gateway all around, and the vestibules also had windows on the inside all around; and on the pilasters were palm trees.

17Then he brought me into the outer court; there were chambers there, and a pavement, all around the court; thirty chambers fronted on the pavement. 18The pavement ran along the side of the gates, corresponding to the length of the gates; this was the lower pavement. 19Then he measured the distance from the inner front of e Heb made the lower gate to the outer front of the inner court, one hundred cubits. f Meaning of Heb uncertain

20Then he measured the gate of the outer court that faced north—its depth and width. 21Its recesses, three on either side, and its pilasters and its vestibule were of the same size as those of the first gate; its depth was fifty cubits, and its width twenty‐five cubits. 22Its windows, its vestibule, and its palm trees were of the same size as those of the gate that faced toward the east. Seven steps led up to it; and its vestibule was on the inside. g Compare Gk: Heb from before 23Opposite the gate on the north, as on the east, was a gate to the inner court; he measured from gate to gate, one hundred cubits.

24Then he led me toward the south, and there was a gate on the south; and he measured its pilasters and its vestibule; they had the same dimensions as the others. 25There were windows all around in it and in its vestibule, like the windows of the others; its depth was fifty cubits, and its width twenty‐five cubits. 26There were seven steps leading up to it; its vestibule was on the inside. g Compare Gk: Heb from before It had palm trees on its pilasters, one on either side. 27There was a gate on the south of the inner court; and he measured from gate to gate toward the south, one hundred cubits.

28Then he brought me to the inner court by the south gate, and he measured the south gate; it was of the same dimensions as the others. 29Its recesses, its pilasters, and its vestibule were of the same size as the others; and there were windows all around in it and in its vestibule; its depth was fifty cubits, and its width twenty‐five cubits. 30There were vestibules all around, twenty‐five cubits deep and five cubits wide. 31Its vestibule faced the outer court, and palm trees were on its pilasters, and its stairway had eight steps.

32Then he brought me to the inner court on the east side, and he measured the gate; it was of the same size as the others. 33Its recesses, its pilasters, and its vestibule were of the same dimensions as the others; and there were windows all around in it and in its vestibule; its depth was fifty cubits, and its width twenty‐five cubits. 34Its vestibule faced the outer court, and it had palm trees on its pilasters, on either side; and its stairway had eight steps.

35Then he brought me to the north gate, and he measured it; it had the same dimensions as the others. 36Its recesses, its pilasters, and its vestibule were of the same size as the others; a Heb adds the east and the north and it had windows all around. Its depth was fifty cubits, and its width twenty‐five cubits. 37Its vestibule b Gk: Heb before them faced the outer court, and it had palm trees on its pilasters, on either side; and its stairway had eight steps.

38There was a chamber with its door in the vestibule of the gate, c One Ms: Compare verses 29 and 33: MT lacks were of the same size as the others where the burnt offering was to be washed. 39And in the vestibule of the gate were two tables on either side, on which the burnt offering and the sin offering and the guilt offering were to be slaughtered. 40On the outside of the vestibule d Gk Vg Compare verses 26, 31, 34: Heb pilasters at the entrance of the north gate were two tables; and on the other side of the vestibule of the gate were two tables. 41Four tables were on the inside, and four tables on the outside of the side of the gate, eight tables, on which the sacrifices were to be slaughtered. 42There were also four tables of hewn stone for the burnt offering, a cubit and a half long, and one cubit and a half wide, and one cubit high, on which the instruments were to be laid with which the burnt offerings and the sacrifices were slaughtered. 43There were pegs, one handbreadth long, fastened all around the inside. And on the tables the flesh of the offering was to be laid.

44On the outside of the inner gateway there were chambers for the singers in the inner court, one e Cn: Heb at the pilasters of the gates at the side of the north gate facing south, the other at the side of the east gate facing north. 45He said to me, “This chamber that faces south is for the priests who have charge of the temple, 46and the chamber that faces north is for the priests who have charge of the altar; these are the descendants of Zadok, who alone among the descendants of Levi may come near to the LORD to minister to him.” 47He measured the court, one hundred cubits deep, and one hundred cubits wide, a square; and the altar was in front of the temple.

48Then he brought me to the vestibule of the temple and measured the pilasters of the vestibule, five cubits on either side; and the width of the gate was fourteen cubits; and the sidewalls of the gate were three cubits f Cn: Heb to him who goes up on either side. 49The depth of the vestibule was twenty cubits, and the width twelve g Heb lacks one cubits; ten steps led up h Gk: Heb and the width of the gate was three cubits to it; and there were pillars beside the pilasters on either side.

Notes:

e Heb chariots

f Another reading is They shall bear

a Heb deep, and one threshold, one reed deep

a Gk: Heb roof

b Heb opening facing opening

c Heb made

d Meaning of Heb uncertain

e Compare Gk: Heb from before

f Heb adds the east and the north

g Gk: Heb before them

a One Ms: Compare verses 29 and 33: MT lacks were of the same size as the others

b Gk Vg Compare verses 26, 31, 34: Heb pilasters

c Cn: Heb at the pilasters of the gates

d Cn: Heb to him who goes up

e Heb lacks one

f Gk: Heb and the width of the gate was three cubits

Text Commentary view alone

40.1–48.35 : Part 5: Blueprint for the restored Temple and land.

The blueprint that Ezekiel details here includes new ideal features that aim to prevent the wrongs of the past that led to the destruction of Solomon's Temple in 586 BCE from ever happening again. Thus, new Temple fortifications and new land boundaries will demarcate the holiness of the land and people (e.g., 42.20n. ), with the Temple functioning as an organizing center of this holiness ( 43.12 ). In accordance with the “Holiness Collection,” the plan provides for the settlements and entire people of Israel to be encompassed by the holiness of God, whose dwelling in their midst is now to be permanently safeguarded ( 43.7; 44.1–3; 48.35 ). This section of Ezekiel does not prophesy a literal future for the Temple; rather, it offers a Temple plan as an embodiment of the community's values. Though it has never actually been built, Ezekiel's “literary temple” has proved more enduring than the physical temples of both his predecessors and his successors.

40.1–42.20 : The new Temple.

The Temple complex is modeled on that built by Solomon, although the plan is more detailed than that given in 1 Kings 6 and 2 Chr 3 .

1–27 : The Temple area and gates.

1–5 :

April 28, 573 BCE. On the twenty‐fifth anniversary of his exile, Ezekiel is transported in a vision (cf. 8.2–3 ) to the Temple mountain (very high mountain, 17.22; Isa 2.2 ).

3 :

Appearance … like bronze, an angelic figure ( 1.7 ).

5 :

An outer wall surrounded the entire Temple area. The long cubit was about 52.5 cm (20.7 in); the ordinary cubit was about 44 cm (17.5 in). The reed was about 3.1m (10.3 ft) long.

6–16 :

The outer court's east gate‐tower was a massive, fortified complex consisting of a threshold, a long hallway with recesses (side rooms), a second threshold, and an inner vestibule room. Heavy pilasters (piers) with windows separated the recessed chambers, or guardrooms, inside the gate‐tower (three on each side). This gate is treated further in 43.1–5; 44.1–3 . The plan of the gate is similar to gateways excavated at Megiddo, Gezer, and Hazor that some scholars have dated to the time of Solomon, mid‐tenth century BCE.

8 :

One cubit, the Hebrew text is problematic here.

16 :

Palm trees also decorated Solomon's Temple (1 Kings 6.29,35 ).

17–19 :

The Temple area's outer courtyard. The thirty chambers around the court's periphery were probably for the use of the Levites and for people to meet and eat together (Jer 35.2; Neh 13.4–14 ). See also 46.21–24 .

20–27 :

The other two (northern and southern) gates of the outer courtyard were identical to the east gate‐tower. That there were steps up to the gates (vv. 22,26 ) shows that the whole Temple platform was an elevated area.

28–46 : The inner gate‐towers.

Ezekiel is shown three gates (south, east, north) leading to the inner court corresponding to those leading to the outer court. Only priests could pass through these inner gates ( 42.14; 44.19; 46.3 ).

31 :

Eight steps, the Temple was built on a succession of terraces, so that height demarcated gradations of holiness, just as did walled perimeters and gates (vv. 34,37 ). Holiness increased as one entered farther up and into the Temple.

38–43 :

The vestibules of the inner gates contained facilities for the preparation of sacrifices. Burnt, sin, and guilt offerings, see Lev 1.1–7.38 .

44–46 :

Priests' chambers. On the north and south sides of the inner court were buildings for the use of the priests. These may be small cells, different from the chambers in 42.1–14 .

44 :

The singers, Levitical priests (cf. 1 Chr 9.33 ). East gate, read “south gate” with the LXX.

46b :

An editorial clarification that only priests descended from Zadok (see 44.15–31n. ), such as Ezekiel and his group, may sacrifice at the altar ( 43.19; 44.15–31n. ).

40.47–41.4 : The Temple proper.

The successive entrances to its three rooms become more narrow, symbolizing increasing holiness ( 40.48;41.2; 41.3 ). According to the LXX (textual note h), the Temple was ten steps (about 3 m [10 ft]; see 41.8 ) above the level of the inner court. (Again, steps indicate increasing holiness; cf. vv. 22,31 .) In front of the vestibule were freestanding pillars (1 Kings 7.15–22 ). The vestibule ( 40.48–49 ) was 10.5 m (34 ft) x 6.3 m (20.5 ft). The nave ( 41.1–2 ), which Ezekiel could enter as a Zadokite priest, was 21 m (69 ft) x 10.5 m (34 ft). The adytum (inner room or most holy place, 41.3–4 ), which Ezekiel did not enter (Lev 16 ), was a square of 10.5 m (34 ft) per side (1 Kings 6.16; 7.50; 8.6; Ex 26.33–34 ).

41.5–15a : Annexes and surroundings.

The three tiers of thirty chambers per tier on the sides of the Temple (1 Kings 6.5–10 ) were probably for equipment for the Temple services, storage, and the Temple treasures (1 Kings 14.26;2 Kings 14.14 ).

10 :

Chambers of the court, 42.1–14 .

12 :

A very large auxiliary building stood west of the Temple; it may also have been intended for storage purposes.

15b–26 : Wall decoration and interior furnishings.

The windows were like those in the gates ( 40.16 ); for the decorative motifs of cherubim and palm trees, see 1 Kings 6.29–30 .

22 :

The table in the nave was for the bread of the Presence; see Ex 25.23–30; Lev 24.5–9 .

42.1–14 : The priests' chambers.

Ezekiel first sees the north sacristy, which was behind (west of) the north gate‐tower to the inner court. Similar chambers were on the Temple's south side (vv. 10–12 ). Perhaps the three stories of chambers were arranged terrace‐fashion against the north and south walls retaining the inner court. A second, smaller, apartment building was opposite, on the outer‐court side.

13 :

On the sacrifices, see 40.38–39n.; 44.28–31; Lev 2.1–10; 7.7–10 .

14 :

See 44.19n.

15–20 : The measuring completed.

The total Temple area was a square of 262 m (861 ft) per side.

20 :

Marking boundaries of holiness, distinguishing between the holy and the common, was a central concern of Zadokites, such as Ezekiel ( 22.26; 44.23; Lev 10.10–11 ).

  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Look It Up Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Next Result
Oxford University Press

© 2021. All Rights Reserved. Cookie Policy | Privacy Policy | Legal Notice