We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more
Select Bible Use this Lookup to open a specific Bible and passage. Start here to select a Bible.
Make selected Bible the default for Lookup tool.
Book: Ch.V. Select book from A-Z list, enter chapter and verse number, and click "Go."
  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Look It Up Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Next Result

Hosea: Chapter 11

Jump to: Select book from A-Z list, enter chapter and verse number, and click "Go."
Text view alone


When Israel was a child, I loved him, and out of Egypt I called my son. 2 The more I d Cn Compare Gk: Heb In my desire called them, the more they went from me; e Gk: Heb bound they kept sacrificing to the Baals, and offering incense to idols.


Yet it was I who taught Ephraim to walk, I took them up in my f Gk: Heb they arms; but they did not know that I healed them. 4 I led them with cords of human kindness, with bands of love. I was to them like those who lift infants to their cheeks. a Gk: Heb them I bent down to them and fed them. 5 They shall return to the land of Egypt, and Assyria shall be their king, because they have refused to return to me. 6 The sword rages in their cities, it consumes their oracle‐priests, and devours because of their schemes. 7 My people are bent on turning away from me. To the Most High they call, but he does not raise them up at all. b Gk Syr Vg: Heb his


How can I give you up, Ephraim? How can I hand you over, O Israel? How can I make you like Admah? How can I treat you like Zeboiim? My heart recoils within me; my compassion grows warm and tender. 9 I will not execute my fierce anger; I will not again destroy Ephraim; for I am God and no mortal, the Holy One in your midst, and I will not come in wrath. b Gk Syr Vg: Heb his


They shall go after the LORD, who roars like a lion; when he roars, his children shall come trembling from the west. 11 They shall come trembling like birds from Egypt, and like doves from the land of Assyria; and I will return them to their homes, says the LORD.


c Or who ease the yoke on their jaws Ephraim has surrounded me with lies, and the house of Israel with deceit; but Judah still walks d Meaning of Heb uncertain with God, and is faithful to the Holy One.


b Cn Compare Gk: Heb In my desire

c Gk: Heb bound

d Gk: Heb they

e Gk: Heb them

f Gk Syr Vg: Heb his

a Or who ease the yoke on their jaws

b Meaning of Heb uncertain

Text Commentary view alone
Commentary spanning earlier chapters

9.10–11.11 : Before and after.

This section consists of a series of four metaphors (Israel as grapes in the wilderness, a luxuriant vine, a heifer trained, a beloved child) used to characterize the people's former fidelity and health, and contrasted with their present corrupt state brought about by religious, social, and political misdeeds. As the first three metaphors unfold, the cumulative message appears to be that the covenant is irrevocably broken and Israel is to be abandoned ( 9.17; 10.10; 10.15 ). The fourth part, the culmination of the series and, for many, the culmination of the prophecies of Hosea, initially continues in this vein ( 11.1–7 ), but then dramatically shifts from an angry to a compassionate tone ( 11.8–11 ).

11.1–11 : Israel as God's wayward child.

This speech employs the culminating, and most intimate, metaphor in the series: Israel as the LORD's child. It also ends this long section, which began in 4.1 , on a hopeful note. Here, the divine mood shifts from anger to compassion.

1 :

Cf. Ex 4.22 .

3 :

Cf. 7.15 .

5 :

Return to … Egypt, 8.13 ; 9.3 .

8–9 :

At the pivotal point of this soliloquy, divine compassion overcomes divine anger. Admah, Zeboiim, cities destroyed along with Sodom and Gomorrah (Gen 19; Deut 29.23 ).

10 :

In contrast with 5.14 , this lion's roar is not aggressive but is a summons to its mate or cubs.

11 :

Doves, contrast 7.11 . These doves exhibit a homing instinct. Egypt and Assyria, contrast 9.3 .

11.12–12.1 : The futility of foreign alliances.

11.12 :

But Judah still …, perhaps a later addition.

12.1 :

Cf. 8.7 . Treaty with Assyria, see 2 Kings 15.19–20; 17.3 . Oil … to Egypt, Samaria was renowned for its olive oil, used here as a commodity of tribute to Egypt, which produced little.

  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Look It Up Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Next Result
Oxford University Press

© 2020. All Rights Reserved. Cookie Policy | Privacy Policy | Legal Notice