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Leviticus: Chapter 1

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Text view alone

1The LORD summoned Moses and spoke to him from the tent of meeting, saying: 2Speak to the people of Israel and say to them: When any of you bring an offering of livestock to the LORD, you shall bring your offering from the herd or from the flock.

3If the offering is a burnt offering from the herd, you shall offer a male without blemish; you shall bring it to the entrance of the tent of meeting, for acceptance in your behalf before the LORD. 4You shall lay your hand on the head of the burnt offering, and it shall be acceptable in your behalf as atonement for you. 5The bull shall be slaughtered before the LORD; and Aaron's sons the priests shall offer the blood, dashing the blood against all sides of the altar that is at the entrance of the tent of meeting. 6The burnt offering shall be flayed and cut up into its parts. 7The sons of the priest Aaron shall put fire on the altar and arrange wood on the fire. 8Aaron's sons the priests shall arrange the parts, with the head and the suet, on the wood that is on the fire on the altar; 9but its entrails and its legs shall be washed with water. Then the priest shall turn the whole into smoke on the altar as a burnt offering, an offering by fire of pleasing odor to the LORD.

10If your gift for a burnt offering is from the flock, from the sheep or goats, your offering shall be a male without blemish. 11It shall be slaughtered on the north side of the altar before the LORD, and Aaron's sons the priests shall dash its blood against all sides of the altar. 12It shall be cut up into its parts, with its head and its suet, and the priest shall arrange them on the wood that is on the fire on the altar; 13but the entrails and the legs shall be washed with water. Then the priest shall offer the whole and turn it into smoke on the altar; it is a burnt offering, an offering by fire of pleasing odor to the LORD.

14If your offering to the LORD is a burnt offering of birds, you shall choose your offering from turtledoves or pigeons. 15The priest shall bring it to the altar and wring off its head, and turn it into smoke on the altar; and its blood shall be drained out against the side of the altar. 16He shall remove its crop with its contents a Ch 6.1 in Heb and throw it at the east side of the altar, in the place for ashes. 17He shall tear it open by its wings without severing it. Then the priest shall turn it into smoke on the altar, on the wood that is on the fire; it is a burnt offering, an offering by fire of pleasing odor to the LORD.

Notes:

b Ch 6.1 in Heb

Text Commentary view alone

1.1–6.7 : Basic sacrificial prescriptions.

The main sacrificial prescriptions are in chs 1–7 , which is divided into two sections, 1.1–6.7 and 6.8–7.38 . The first section gives the basic description of performance (see 6.8–7.38n).

1.1–17 : The burnt offering.

Chapter 1 deals with three types of animals for the burnt offering, in descending order of economic worth: a bull (vv. 3—9 ), a male sheep or goat (vv. 10–13 ), and birds (vv. 14–17 ).

1 :

Tent of meeting, see Ex 26; 33.9 .

2 :

This is a general introduction to the burnt offering here and the well‐being offering in ch 3. Ch 2 secondarily interrupts the flow between chs 1 and 3 (see 2.1–16n.).

3 :

Burnt offerings are brought for vows and freewill offerings ( 22.18–20 ), for purification rites (e.g., 12.6–8 ), daily offerings ( 6.8–13 ), and festivals (Num 28–29 ). The entrance of the tent of meeting is the forecourt area in front of the tent (Ex 29.9–19 and diagram on p. 118 HB). The burnt offering is unusual in that it is totally consumed by fire, and neither the priest nor the worshiper partakes of it. As such, it is considered most holy, as are the cereal (Lev 2.3,10; 6.17; 10.12; cf. the bread of Presence, 24.9 ), sin ( 6.25,29; 10.17; 14.13 ), and guilt ( 7.1,6; 14.13 ) offerings, and probably the priestly ordination offering (8.22–32n.). See Num 18.8–10 . The well‐being sacrifice ( 3.1–17; 7.11–36 ) has a lesser degree of holiness.

4 :

Lay your hand, one hand only; see 16.21n.

5 :

Dashing blood on the altar (Ex 27.1 ) is also found with the well‐being offering (Lev 3.2,8,13 ) and the guilt offering (7.2); cf. Ex 24.6; 29.16 . This in part ransoms the offerer for killing the animal ( 17.4,10–11n. ), and may also have an expiatory effect (see 16.6–19n. ). The sin offering has a different blood ritual (ch 4 ).

9 :

Pleasing odor, Gen 8.21; Ex 29.18 .

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