We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more
Select Bible Use this Lookup to open a specific Bible and passage. Start here to select a Bible.
Make selected Bible the default for Lookup tool.
Book: Ch.V. Select book from A-Z list, enter chapter and verse number, and click "Go."
:
OR
  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Look It Up Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Next Result

Numbers: Chapter 10

Previous
Jump to: Select book from A-Z list, enter chapter and verse number, and click "Go."
Next
Text view alone

1The LORD spoke to Moses, saying: 2Make two silver trumpets; you shall make them of hammered work; and you shall use them for summoning the congregation, and for breaking camp. 3When both are blown, the whole congregation shall assemble before you at the entrance of the tent of meeting. 4But if only one is blown, then the leaders, the heads of the tribes of Israel, shall assemble before you. 5When you blow an alarm, the camps on the east side shall set out; 6when you blow a second alarm, the camps on the south side shall set out. An alarm is to be blown whenever they are to set out. 7But when the assembly is to be gathered, you shall blow, but you shall not sound an alarm. 8The sons of Aaron, the priests, shall blow the trumpets; this shall be a perpetual institution for you throughout your generations. 9When you go to war in your land against the adversary who oppresses you, you shall sound an alarm with the trumpets, so that you may be remembered before the LORD your God and be saved from your enemies. 10Also on your days of rejoicing, at your appointed festivals, and at the beginnings of your months, you shall blow the trumpets over your burnt offerings and over your sacrifices of well‐being; they shall serve as a reminder on your behalf before the LORD your God: I am the LORD your God.

11In the second year, in the second month, on the twentieth day of the month, the cloud lifted from over the tabernacle of the covenant. a That is Burning 12Then the Israelites set out by stages from the wilderness of Sinai, and the cloud settled down in the wilderness of Paran. 13They set out for the first time at the command of the LORD by Moses. 14The standard of the camp of Judah set out first, company by company, and over the whole company was Nahshon son of Amminadab. 15Over the company of the tribe of Issachar was Nethanel son of Zuar; 16and over the company of the tribe of Zebulun was Eliab son of Helon.

17Then the tabernacle was taken down, and the Gershonites and the Merarites, who carried the tabernacle, set out. 18Next the standard of the camp of Reuben set out, company by company; and over the whole company was Elizur son of Shedeur. 19Over the company of the tribe of Simeon was Shelumiel son of Zurishaddai, 20and over the company of the tribe of Gad was Eliasaph son of Deuel.

21Then the Kohathites, who carried the holy things, set out; and the tabernacle was set up before their arrival. 22Next the standard of the Ephraimite camp set out, company by company, and over the whole company was Elishama son of Ammihud. 23Over the company of the tribe of Manasseh was Gamaliel son of Pedahzur, 24and over the company of the tribe of Benjamin was Abidan son of Gideoni.

25Then the standard of the camp of Dan, acting as the rear guard of all the camps, set out, company by company, and over the whole company was Ahiezer son of Ammishaddai. 26Over the company of the tribe of Asher was Pagiel son of Ochran, 27and over the company of the tribe of Naphtali was Ahira son of Enan. 28This was the order of march of the Israelites, company by company, when they set out.

29Moses said to Hobab son of Reuel the Midianite, Moses’ father‐in‐law, “We are setting out for the place of which the LORD said, ‘I will give it to you’; come with us, and we will treat you well; for the LORD has promised good to Israel.” 30But he said to him, “I will not go, but I will go back to my own land and to my indred.” 31He said, “Do not leave us, for you know where we should camp in the wilderness, and you will serve as eyes for us. 32Moreover, if you go with us, whatever good the LORD does for us, the same we will do for you.”

33So they set out from the mount of the LORD three days’ journey with the ark of the covenant of the LORD going before them three days’ journey, to seek out a resting place for them, 34the cloud of the LORD being over them by day when they set out from the camp.

35Whenever the ark set out, Moses would say,

“Arise, O LORD, let your enemies be scattered, and your foes flee before you.”

36And whenever it came to rest, he would say,

“Return, O LORD of the ten thousand thousands of Israel.” a Heb Lord's hand too short?

Notes:

b That is Burning

a Heb Lord's hand too short?

Text Commentary view alone

10.1–10 : Signal trumpets.

Animal horns and trumpets in the Bible and in traditional societies are primarily used for signaling rather than music‐making (Lev 25.9; Judg 3.27; 2 Sam 15.10; 20.1; Isa 27.13 ), though the latter is a secondary use (2 Sam 6.15; 2 Chr 5.11–13 ). The two trumpets in ch 10 , perhaps of different pitches, are played individually or together and with notes of different lengths (cf. blow an alarm versus merely blow in vv. 4–7 ) to signal assembly, breaking camp, going to war, and the beginning of festivals. The trumpets also draw God's beneficent attention to the people's activities. Since a significant function of these trumpets is breaking camp, this unit is placed here.

10.11–36 : Breaking camp and traveling.

The narrative of the wilderness journeys resumes here (cf. 9.15n–23n.).

11 :

The second month, as in 1.1 (contrast 9.1 ).

12 :

The wilderness of Paran, the arid region between Israel and the southern Sinai peninsula.

14–28 :

The tribes travel according to their four camp divisions (see 2.3n–31n. ). The sanctuary furniture—the ark, altars, lampstand, and bread table—travels with two divisions in front and behind. This parallels the placement of the sanctuary in the center of the pitched camp (see 2.3n–31n.). The tent and its hangings and frames, which are supplemental to the more ceremonially significant sanctuary furniture, travel after the first division so they may be set up when the furniture arrives. The central placement of the sanctuary and its furnishings also protects it. On the Levites’ duties, see 3.5n–10n.; 4.1n–33n.

29–32 :

Hobab, Moses’ father‐in‐law, earlier named Reuel (Ex 2.18 ) and Jethro (Ex 18 ).

35–36 :

This song reflects the use of the ark in military activities ( 14.44; 31.6; 1 Sam 4.3–11 ). Its presence in battle is a symbol of the deity's aiding presence. Cf. Ps 68.1; 132.8 .

  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Look It Up Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Next Result
Oxford University Press

© 2015. All Rights Reserved. Privacy policy and legal notice