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Psalms: Chapter 44

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To the leader. Of the Korahites. A Maskil. 1

We have heard with our ears, O God, our ancestors have told us, what deeds you performed in their days, in the days of old: 2 you with your own hand drove out the nations, but them you planted; you afflicted the peoples, but them you set free; 3 for not by their own sword did they win the land, nor did their own arm give them victory; but your right hand, and your arm, and the light of your countenance, for you delighted in them.


You are my King and my God; you command a Heb you change all his bed victories for Jacob. 5 Through you we push down our foes; through your name we tread down our assailants. 6 For not in my bow do I trust, nor can my sword save me. 7 But you have saved us from our foes, and have put to confusion those who hate us. 8 In God we have boasted continually, and we will give thanks to your name forever. Selah


Yet you have rejected us and abased us, and have not gone out with our armies. 10 You made us turn back from the foe, and our enemies have gotten spoil. 11 You have made us like sheep for slaughter, and have scattered us among the nations. 12 You have sold your people for a trifle, demanding no high price for them. 13 You have made us the taunt of our neighbors, the derision and scorn of those around us. 14 You have made us a byword among the nations, a laughingstock b Meaning of Heb uncertain among the peoples. 15 All day long my disgrace is before me, and shame has covered my face 16 at the words of the taunters and revilers, at the sight of the enemy and the avenger.


All this has come upon us, yet we have not forgotten you, or been false to your covenant. 18 Our heart has not turned back, nor have our steps departed from your way, 19 yet you have broken us in the haunt of jackals, and covered us with deep darkness.


If we had forgotten the name of our God, or spread out our hands to a strange god, 21 would not God discover this? For he knows the secrets of the heart. 22 Because of you we are being killed all day long, and accounted as sheep for the slaughter.


Rouse yourself‐! Why do you sleep, O Lord? Awake, do not cast us off forever! 24 Why do you hide your face? Why do you forget our affliction and oppression? 25 For we sink down to the dust; our bodies cling to the ground. 26 Rise up, come to our help. Redeem us for the sake of your steadfast love.


a Heb you change all his bed

a Meaning of Heb uncertain

Text Commentary view alone

Ps 44 : Prayer for divine help after a national defeat.

A communal lament, in view of an unknown national military disaster involving the loss of the land.

1 :

Days of old, the settlement era, when God's power was understood to be especially visible (see Judg 6.13 ).

3 :

Victory is not by might of arms, but by the luminous appearance of the Divine Warrior (v. 6; Ex 14.24 ).

8 :

Selah, see Ps 3.2n.

9–12 :

Defeat is followed by exile.

13–16 :

Derision by victorious foes and the shame of the defeated (Ps 22.7; 79.4; 80.6 ).

20 :

Breach of the first commandment of the Sinai covenant (v. 17; Ex 20.3 ).

22 :

Because of you might suggest that members of the community have been killed as martyrs, though this is a rare and late biblical idea.

23–26 :

God's inattention to the plight of the community (sleeping, hiding the divine luminous face).

25 :

The vanquished, prostrate before the victors (Josh 10.24 ).

26 :

God owes Israel steadfast love as a result of the covenant; this, along with the desire of God to be praised, is invoked elsewhere, especially in psalms (e.g., Ps 6.4; 69.13; 85.7; cf. Num 14.19 ) to convince God to relent.

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