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Displaying: abr - ban

  • Abravanel, Isaac (A-Z entry)

    (1437–1508) a medieval philosopher and biblical commentator. He fled from Portugal to Spain to escape a sentence of death in a supposed plot ...

    Source: Oxford Biblical Studies Online

  • Abulafia, Abraham ben Shemuel (A-Z entry)

    (13th century) a leading kabbalist and mystic of Spain. Abulafia taught a method of mystical insight that involved contemplating the letters of the ...

    Source: Oxford Biblical Studies Online

  • Adar (A-Z entry)

    the twelfth month (February–March) in the Jewish year. In order to bring the lunar calendar into alignment with the solar year, a leap ...

    Source: Oxford Biblical Studies Online

  • Adonai (A-Z entry)

    (Heb “my Lord”) a divine title and the word generally substituted for the Tetragrammaton , Yhvh, when the Bible is read aloud.

    Source: Oxford Biblical Studies Online

  • Afterlife and Immortality (A-Z entry)

    This entry consists of two articles on views of life after death within the historical communities of Ancient Israel and Second Temple Judaism and ...

    Source: The Oxford Companion to the Bible

  • aggadah (A-Z entry)

    (or “haggadah,”possibly from Heb huggad ,“things said” or “what is told”) the nonlegal portions of the Talmud and Midrash (see halakhah ). Aggadah ...

    Source: Oxford Biblical Studies Online

  • Aḥad HaʿAm (A-Z entry)

    (Heb “one of the people” or “the people are one”) pen‐name of Asher Ginzberg (1856–1927), Zionist writer.

    Source: Oxford Biblical Studies Online

  • aliens (A-Z entry)

    Aliens, or strangers sojourning in the land, were supposed to be treated generously ( Exod. 22: 21 ; 23: 9 ). But neighbours across ...

    Source: A Dictionary of the Bible

  • ʿaliyah (A-Z entry)

    (Heb “ascent”) pilgrimage or emigration to the land of Israel; being given the honor of “ascending” to read the Torah in synagogue worship.

    Source: Oxford Biblical Studies Online

  • ʿAmidah (A-Z entry)

    (Heb “standing”) the main prayer in Jewish worship. Also called the Shemonah ʿ Esrei (eighteen [blessings]), although on regular weekdays (not Shabbat or ...

    Source: Oxford Biblical Studies Online

  • ʾamoraʾ (A-Z entry)

    (Aram. “speaker”; pl. ʾamora ʾ im ) a rabbinic teacher of the talmudic period. The name is used in both Babylonia and the ...

    Source: Oxford Biblical Studies Online

  • Anti‐Semitism (A-Z entry)

    Anti‐Semitism has become the term commonly used for attitudes and actions against Jews. It was coined in the 1870s by the German agitator Wilhelm ...

    Source: The Oxford Companion to the Bible

  • Apocalyptic (Chapters)

    Introduction The word ‘apocalyptic’ is nowadays used to describe a scenario that heralds the end of the world, or at least the end of ...

    Source: The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies

  • The Apocalyptic Vision (Chapters)

    When the word “apocalypse” appears in the newspaper, it is usually in connection with the horrors of nuclear war or the threat of environmental ...

    Source: The Oxford Study Bible

  • The Apocrypha (Chapters)

    Definition and History Apocrypha means ‘[books] hidden away’ and is the name given to those books found in the Old Testament of ancient Greek ...

    Source: The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

  • Ark (A-Z entry)

    The English word “ark” translates two Hebrew words that differ from each other both in form and in usage, though the Septuagint employs one ...

    Source: The Oxford Companion to the Bible

  • Ark (for the Torah) (A-Z entry)

    a box or cabinet, typically of wood, in which the Torah scrolls are stored at the front of the synagogue. It is often ...

    Source: Oxford Biblical Studies Online

  • Ascension of Isaiah (A-Z entry)

    An apocryphal work extant only in Ethiopic, probably Jewish in origin but containing extensive Christian additions. It describes the prophet's martyrdom and his subsequent ...

    Source: A Dictionary of the Bible

  • ʾAvot (A-Z entry)

    (Heb “fathers”) the name of the first blessing in the ʿ Amidah , from its reference to “the God of Abraham, the God ...

    Source: Oxford Biblical Studies Online

  • Ban (A-Z entry)

    The Hebrew word ḥērem is generally translated “ban” or “devoted (thing)” and means something set apart as belonging to Yahweh and therefore forbidden for ...

    Source: The Oxford Companion to the Bible

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