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Citation for 7. 5 and 6 Ezra

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..


Elliott, J. K. . "Other Apocryphal Apocalypses." In The Apocryphal New Testament. Oxford Biblical Studies Online. Sep 19, 2021. <http://www.oxfordbiblicalcstudies.com/article/book/acprof-9780198261827/acprof-9780198261827-div1-135>.


Elliott, J. K. . "Other Apocryphal Apocalypses." In The Apocryphal New Testament. Oxford Biblical Studies Online, http://www.oxfordbiblicalcstudies.com/article/book/acprof-9780198261827/acprof-9780198261827-div1-135 (accessed Sep 19, 2021).

5 and 6 Ezra

In many manuscripts of the Latin Bible 4 Ezra has two additional chapters at the beginning and two at the end. These are not present in other versions. Chs. 1–2 are usually described as a Christian apocalypse, possibly of the late second century and known as 5 Ezra; chs. 15–16 are apocalyptic prophecies known as 6 Ezra, and are probably a century later in origin. The Latin text of one recension can be found conveniently in the Appendix to the Stuttgart Vulgate (ed. R. Weber). (There is a small Greek portion of 6 Ezra in A. S. Hunt, OP 7 (London, 1910), 11 ff.)


  • R. L. Bensly, The Fourth Book of Ezra (Cambridge, 1895) (= Texts and Studies 3.2).

  • T. A. Bergren, Fifth Ezra: The Text, Origin and Early History (Atlanta, 1990) (= Society of Biblical Literature Septuagint and Cognate Studies Series 25).

  • T. A. Bergren, Sixth Ezra. The Text and Origin (New York and Oxford, 1998).

  • See also:

  • J. M. Myers, 1 and 2 Esdras (New York, 1974) (= Anchor Bible 42).

  • M. A. Knibb, ‘The Second Book of Esdras’, in R. J. Coggins and M. A. Knibb, The First and Second Books of Esdras (Cambridge, 1979).

Modern Translations


  • Hennecke3, ii. 689–703.

  • Hennecke5, ii. 641–52.

  • Charlesworth (as above), 516–59 (B. M. Metzger).


  • Éac, 635–51, 655–70.


  • Hennecke1, 390–4 (H. Weinel); cf. Handbuch, 331–6.

  • Hennecke3, ii. 488–98 (H. Duensing).

  • Hennecke5, ii. 581–90 (H. Duensing and A. de Santos Otero).


  • Erbetta, iii. 317–31.

  • Moraldi, ii. 1917–38.


  • G. N. Stanton, ‘5 Ezra and Matthean Christianity in the Second Century’, JTS 28 (1977), 67–83.

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