1, 1 :

The thirtieth year, which corresponds to the fifth year of exile (v 2 ), has never been satisfactorily explained; possibly it refers to the prophet's age. The river Chebar: probably a canal near Nippur, southeast of Babylon, one of the sites on which the Jewish exiles were settled.

1, 2 :

The fifth day of the fourth month, the fifth year: July 31, 593 B.C.; cf v 1 .

1, 4 :

The North: the abode of God; see notes on Jb 37, 22; Ps 48, 3 . Electrum: an alloy of gold and silver, used here for some undetermined bright metal.

1, 5 :

Four living creatures: identified as cherubim in Ez 10, 20f .

1, 10–22 :

Note the changed order of the verses and the omission of the textually uncertain verses 14 and 21 . Such changes also occur elsewhere in this book.

1, 22f. 26 :

This symbolic description of God's throne is similar to that in Ex 24, 9f .

1, 26 :

One who had the appearance of a man: God appearing in human form (v 28 ); cf Ex 33, 18–23 .