1–64 : God's direct intervention

fills a youth with wisdom to confound the craftiness of old age, thus vindicating innocence.

1–14 : Wicked elders lust after Susanna.

2 :

Susanna means “lily.”

4 :

Jewish names recorded on clay tablets in Babylonian archives show that some Jews became rich and rose to positions of distinction in their captivity in Babylon.

5 :

The Lord had said may allude to Jer. 29.21–23 .

15–27 : Seduction attempted.

22 :

For an unfaithful wife the penalty was death by stoning; see Lev. 20.10; Deut. 22.21–22 .

23 :

Sin against the Lord: see Gen. 39.9; Ps. 51.4 . All sin is against God.

28–43 : Susanna condemned through perjury.

34 :

To identify her as accused and themselves as witnesses of the crime and accusers, the elders put their hands on her head; see Lev. 24.14 .

44–49 : Daniel intervenes.

46 :

According to Jewish tradition a herald preceded one being led to execution and appealed for possible evidence of the convicted person's innocence. The entire community shared responsibility for blood shed in executions.

50–64 : Susanna is acquitted; her accusers, the two elders, are put to death.

50 :

The invitation to Daniel to take his place as an elder is undoubtedly said in sarcasm.

53 :

See Exod. 23.7 .

56 :

Spawn of Canaan may be an allusion to the notorious sexual laxity of the Canaanites.

62 :

Deuteronomy 19.16–21 requires that a false witness receive the treatment intended for the accused. During Alexander Jannaeus' reign (105–79 B.C.E.) the Sadducees sought to apply this law only in cases where the falsely accused was executed, but the Pharisees demanded stricter interpretation.