Greek for ‘self-emptying’ and used by Paul in Phil. 2: 7 for Jesus' renunciation of the state of glory with the Father in order to share human life and death. The ‘kenotic theory’ of the incarnation proposed by several German Lutheran and English theologians (Charles Gore, P. T. Forsyth) was an attempt to combine an orthodox Christology with a recognition that Jesus' humanity shared the limitations of his age: divine omniscience was renounced; Jesus of course had no knowledge of biblical criticism, and for him Ps. 110 was assumed to be written by David (Mark 12: 36). Cf. Charles Wesley's hymn:
Our God contracted to a span
Incomprehensibility made man;
Emptied himself of all but love,
Emptied of his majesty.