The best portion of an animal sacrifice (Exod. 29: 13). They were thought to be the seat of human emotions, as in Jer. 11: 20 where modern translations prefer the metaphorical use of ‘heart’ (‘reins’ in AV).
Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..
"kidneys." In A Dictionary of the Bible. Ed. W. R. F. Browning. Oxford Biblical Studies Online. Jul 30, 2016. <http://www.oxfordbiblicalcstudies.com/article/opr/t94/e1065>.
"kidneys." In A Dictionary of the Bible. , edited by W. R. F. Browning. Oxford Biblical Studies Online, http://www.oxfordbiblicalcstudies.com/article/opr/t94/e1065 (accessed Jul 30, 2016).