(1857–1940)

French biblical scholar. He was a Catholic priest who became one of the leaders of the Catholic Modernist movement which attempted to reconcile Catholic theology with scientific thought and biblical criticism. Modernism was condemned by Pope Pius X in 1907 and Loisy was excommunicated. He maintained that the coming of the kingdom of God was the essence of Jesus' teaching, but that it was the Church which, in fact, arrived.