A hill about 1.6 km. (1 mile) long to the east of Jerusalem, separated from it by the Kidron valley, on which Gethsemane (Hebrew for an ‘oil‐press’) was situated. Jesus resorted to it for prayer (Mark 14: 32) and stayed at Bethany on the south side (Matt. 21: 17). The mount was a place of eschatological associations: from it Jesus foresaw Jerusalem's destruction (Mark 13: 3 ff.) and Luke pictured the ascension and promised return as taking place there (Luke 24: 50; Acts 1: 12). It had been prophesied that on the day of the return of the Lord to Jerusalem he would stand on the mount (Zech. 14: 4), and this was applied to Jesus.