Punishment by a lash of leather thongs inflicted on Paul several times (2 Cor. 11: 24–5; Acts 16: 22–3; 22: 24). Jesus was scourged either as a warning (Luke 23: 22) or as a severe punishment before crucifixion (Matt. 27: 26).
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"scourging." In A Dictionary of the Bible. Ed. W. R. F. Browning. Oxford Biblical Studies Online. Sep 30, 2016. <http://www.oxfordbiblicalcstudies.com/article/opr/t94/e1698>.
"scourging." In A Dictionary of the Bible. , edited by W. R. F. Browning. Oxford Biblical Studies Online, http://www.oxfordbiblicalcstudies.com/article/opr/t94/e1698 (accessed Sep 30, 2016).