Punishment by a lash of leather thongs inflicted on Paul several times (2 Cor. 11: 24–5; Acts 16: 22–3; 22: 24). Jesus was scourged either as a warning (Luke 23: 22) or as a severe punishment before crucifixion (Matt. 27: 26).
Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..
"scourging." In A Dictionary of the Bible. Ed. W. R. F. Browning. Oxford Biblical Studies Online. Jan 30, 2015. <http://www.oxfordbiblicalcstudies.com/article/opr/t94/e1698>.
"scourging." In A Dictionary of the Bible. , edited by W. R. F. Browning. Oxford Biblical Studies Online, http://www.oxfordbiblicalcstudies.com/article/opr/t94/e1698 (accessed Jan 30, 2015).