The capital city of Assyria until 900 BCE, when it became one only of several important cities in the greatly enlarged empire. The name was also used for the patron-god of the city and in the OT stands for the nation itself (Hos. 14: 3, AV).
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"Asshur." In A Dictionary of the Bible. Ed. W. R. F. Browning. Oxford Biblical Studies Online. Feb 7, 2016. <http://www.oxfordbiblicalcstudies.com/article/opr/t94/e177>.
"Asshur." In A Dictionary of the Bible. , edited by W. R. F. Browning. Oxford Biblical Studies Online, http://www.oxfordbiblicalcstudies.com/article/opr/t94/e177 (accessed Feb 7, 2016).