Absolute property of a person by a legal owner. Men captured in battles were often enslaved (1 Kgs. 9: 21) and debtors who defaulted, together with their families, could be enslaved by the lender (2 Kgs. 4: 1) or they could sell themselves (Lev. 25: 39). Humane laws mitigated the severity of slavery—e.g. the Sabbath rest (Exod. 20: 10), the jubilee (Lev. 25: 13), and the right to asylum of foreign fugitive slaves (Deut. 23: 15–16). In the NT slaves are mentioned as belonging to the Christian community, and some may have expected that liberation would be granted by Christian owners if the slaves were baptized. But this did not seem necessarily to follow (1 Cor. 7: 21). Paul, however, does put on subtle pressure and requests Philemon to treat his slave Onesimus as a brother (Philem. 15–16).