A city on the west coast of Asia Minor (modern Turkey) where one of the Churches addressed by Revelation (1: 11) was established. It was in conflict with the local Jewish community (Rev. 2: 9–10). Ignatius, on his way to martyrdom in Rome in 107 CE, called at Smyrna, where Polycarp was bishop, and subsequently Ignatius wrote letters both to the Church of Smyrna and to its bishop.