Common in Palestine, and often mentioned in the Bible from Gen. 3: 14 onwards. There existed cobras and vipers. In Malta Paul is said to have been bitten by a snake (Acts 28: 3). Not surprisingly, snakes feature also as symbols of evil (Ps. 58: 4) and the Devil is called ‘that old serpent’ (Rev. 20: 2). Nevertheless snakes are credited with an enviable wisdom (Matt. 10: 16).