Modern S. Iraq; Ur was a principal city. The Sumerians' myths of creation and human civilization including a story of a Flood are related to those of Gen. 1 to 11. The Sumerians developed a system of law and government and devised measurements of time and distance and their own calligraphy. They invented cuneiform writing, and many Sumerian tablets have survived, although there were serious losses during and after the war in 2003. The victories of King Hammurabi of Babylon in about 1750 BCE brought Sumerian predominance to an end.