The title accorded by the Romans to the ruler of a dependent state, inferior to an ethnarch. Herod Antipas and Philip, son of Herod the Great, and also Lysanias of Abilene, are given the title in Luke 3: 1, which is more accurate than ‘king’ in Mark (6: 14), since Herod's application at Rome to be given the title of king was turned down and led to his banishment.