A familiar refrain in Ecclesiastes (e.g. 1: 2), asserting that life has no meaning. It is a theme in Isa. (57: 13) that idols are nothing but vanity (cf. Acts 14: 15). In the OT and NT ‘vanity’ does not mean empty pride or conceit.
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"vanity." In A Dictionary of the Bible. Ed. W. R. F. Browning. Oxford Biblical Studies Online. Feb 28, 2017. <http://www.oxfordbiblicalcstudies.com/article/opr/t94/e1987>.
"vanity." In A Dictionary of the Bible. , edited by W. R. F. Browning. Oxford Biblical Studies Online, http://www.oxfordbiblicalcstudies.com/article/opr/t94/e1987 (accessed Feb 28, 2017).