The Israelites were equipped with both offensive and defensive weapons for their incessant warfare: those used in hand-to-hand fighting consisted of clubs (Prov. 25: 18) and hammers (Jer. 51: 20), swords and daggers (Judg. 3: 16–22; 1 Sam. 17: 51), spears (1 Sam. 17: 7), and the rod and staff familiar in the pastoral Ps. 23: 4; these were certainly weapons of war according to Isa. 10: 5. For attacking a distant enemy the Israelites used slings (1 Sam. 17: 40) and bows and arrows (Jer. 50: 14). For defence, there were shields (1 Chron. 12: 24) and breastplates (1 Kgs. 22: 34) and greaves (1 Sam. 17: 6). Chariots were sometimes in use (1 Kgs. 10: 26; Ps. 68: 17).

Many biblical weapons are introduced in a metaphorical sense in the NT (2 Cor. 10: 4; Eph. 6: 11–17).