Forbidden in the Deuteronomist Code (Deut. 18: 10–11) but licensed by Manasseh (2 Kgs. 21: 6). A woman who practises witchcraft is condemned to death (Exod. 22: 18) in the ancient Book of the Covenant; this verse was until 1722 cited by English lawyers as authority for burning witches. The ‘witch’ of Endor* (1 Sam. 28) was a medium who indulged in necromancy, and was able to call up Samuel from the dead, even though her practice was officially banned; but the condemnation of the prophets (Jer. 27: 9; Mal. 3: 5) shows that sorcerers and mediums continued to answer popular demand.