John the Baptist was beheaded by order of Herod Antipas (Mark 6: 27), and, probably, the apostle James by Herod Agrippa (Acts 12: 2), but it was not the form of capital punishment permitted in the Jewish Law, which was stoning (Lev. 20: 27).
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"beheading." In A Dictionary of the Bible. Ed. W. R. F. Browning. Oxford Biblical Studies Online. Dec 11, 2013. <http://www.oxfordbiblicalcstudies.com/article/opr/t94/e247>.
"beheading." In A Dictionary of the Bible. , edited by W. R. F. Browning. Oxford Biblical Studies Online, http://www.oxfordbiblicalcstudies.com/article/opr/t94/e247 (accessed Dec 11, 2013).