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Citation for darkness

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

"darkness." In A Dictionary of the Bible. Ed. W. R. F. Browning. Oxford Biblical Studies Online. Jan 26, 2022. <http://www.oxfordbiblicalcstudies.com/article/opr/t94/e487>.

Chicago

"darkness." In A Dictionary of the Bible. , edited by W. R. F. Browning. Oxford Biblical Studies Online, http://www.oxfordbiblicalcstudies.com/article/opr/t94/e487 (accessed Jan 26, 2022).

darkness

A symbol for what is evil: it encompasses the underworld (Ps. 143: 3), but is not impenetrable by God (Ps. 139: 12). It is the sphere of punishment (Ps. 35: 6) and will therefore be part of the experience of the day of the Lord which the prophets predicted (e.g. Amos 5: 18), thereby overturning popular expectation. In the Manual of Discipline of the Dead Sea scrolls there is an exposition of two spirits contending for victory who are called the Angel of Light and the Angel of Darkness; and a similar contrast is a theme of the gospel of John (John 3: 19).

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