An area in southern Mesopotamia where Adam and Eve were placed according to the myth of Gen. 2. It contained two fruit trees which were given special significance—one bestowing everlasting life (Gen. 3: 22) and the other an awareness of good and evil. The garden of Eden came to be thought of as paradise, before the Fall; and after the Exile in Babylon the land of the Return was pictured romantically as a new Eden (Isa. 51: 3).