In the OT there are several examples of the evil operation of envy: Cain murdered his brother Abel (Gen. 4: 8), Joseph was envied and deported by his brothers (Gen. 37: 27), and Saul resented people's praises heaped on David (1 Sam. 18: 8). In the NT parable, the welcome given to the Prodigal Son on his return home evoked envy rather than love from the elder brother (Luke 15: 28). ‘Jealousy’ is sometimes the translation adopted by NRSV, NJB (e.g. at Matt. 27: 18 for the evil dispositions which crucified Jesus).