Falling at a person's feet indicated homage (Mark 5: 22), walking barefoot indicated awe (Exod. 3: 5) or mourning (2 Sam. 15: 30). One foot placed on the neck of an enemy was an eloquent expression of victory (Josh. 10: 24).
Pupils sat at their master's feet (Mary with Jesus, Luke 10: 39; Paul with Gamaliel, Acts 22: 3); Jesus washed the disciples' feet (John 13: 5–17) and was himself washed (Luke 7: 38). Shaking dust off the foot showed scorn or a renunciation of responsibility.