After death, a body was washed (Acts 9: 37) and anointed (Mark 16: 1) and wrapped in cloth (Matt. 27: 59) and was then transported on a bier in a procession (2 Sam. 3: 31; Luke 7: 14), possibly accompanied by professional mourners (Amos 5: 16). Burial as soon as possible was important (Deut. 21: 23). The place of burial would be outside the inhabited area (Luke 7: 12) in a grave (Gen. 35: 8) or cave (Gen. 23: 19), or a tomb cut out of rock in a garden (John 19: 41–2), sometimes whitewashed to be visible at night, as a safeguard against being defiled by accidental contact (Matt. 23: 27). Neither cremation nor embalming was practised by the Hebrews.