One of the Judges (also called Jerubbaal, Judg. 6: 32); he had notable military success against the Midianites who were expanding westwards. Gideon selected a small band of 300 warriors for their intelligence (Judg. 7: 7) and in a surprise night attack put the Midianites to flight and killed their two princes (Ps. 83: 11–12). His refusal to accept the kingship (Judg. 8: 23; cf. 1 Sam. 8: 7) is part of the anti-monarchical strand in the tradition. See king.