An Aramaic word translated (Mark 15: 22) ‘Place of a Skull’, as being the site for executions, outside the city walls but near a main road (Matt. 27: 39). The Vulgate translation is calvaria—hence English ‘Calvary’.
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"golgotha." In A Dictionary of the Bible. Ed. W. R. F. Browning. Oxford Biblical Studies Online. Sep 3, 2015. <http://www.oxfordbiblicalcstudies.com/article/opr/t94/e776>.
"golgotha." In A Dictionary of the Bible. , edited by W. R. F. Browning. Oxford Biblical Studies Online, http://www.oxfordbiblicalcstudies.com/article/opr/t94/e776 (accessed Sep 3, 2015).