The OT prohibition of idolatry (Deut. 4: 15–18) was renewed by Christians when confronted with orders to worship the statue of the Roman emperor (Rev. 14: 9–11). But the OT (Isa. 46: 6) was too much driven by religious polemic in supposing that Babylonians worshipped the idol itself: it was the god's spirit within the statue that was venerated.