A town SW of Jerusalem in a mountainous area, captured by Caleb (Josh. 14: 12 ff.) and the scene of David's accession to the throne (2 Sam. 2: 4), and where he reigned for seven and a half years (2 Sam. 5: 5) until he took Jerusalem. David's son Absalom established a rebel stronghold in Hebron (2 Sam. 15: 7 ff.).