Names given by rabbis in the first centuries BCE and CE to the Egyptian magicians who opposed Moses (Exod. 7 and 8), and who were regarded as sons of Balaam. They were known also by the Qumran community, and in the NT are mentioned by 2 Tim. 3: 8 as typical opponents of the truth. There was a tradition that they possessed the power of flight; and in the 6th cent. CE a Christian work, no longer extant, tells of their ultimate conversion.