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The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Editor in Chief: Daniel M. Master

The connection between archaeology and the Bible was forged by the discoveries of the nineteenth century, and archaeological finds became the primary catalyst for changes in biblical studies throughout the twentieth century. A distinct subfield, Biblical Archaeology, as conceived by William Albright, arose in response to a wealth of information recovered from expeditions of importance for biblical studies.

For many years, under Albright's influence, the hybrid field of Biblical Archaeology had a life of its own in the United States and was considered a coherent discipline. But many outside of Albright's sphere were unsure whether this field was a division of biblical studies or part of the broader world of general archaeology and saw these two pursuits in some disciplinary tension. At the same time, biblical scholars grew increasingly skeptical that archaeology could provide context for the specific events of the biblical text. Individual excavations persisted, but work ceased to be framed by research designs derived from the questions of Biblical Archaeology.

Yet archaeologists of the last twenty years have continued to produce material for biblical studies that is too critical to be ignored: inscriptions such as the Tel Dan stele or Khirbet Qeiyafa ostracon, debates on the chronology and stratigraphy of the 10th century BCE or the stratigraphy of the Shechem temple, and publications such as those of the Jewish Quarter in Jerusalem or Herodian Jericho. Shifts in archaeological theory and biblical scholarship now present new potential for rapprochement between archaeology and the Bible. Recent archaeological work has uncovered the lifeways of the biblical world and begun to suggest how understanding these lifeways transforms the reading of the biblical text.

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology represents a new way of conceiving of the relationship between archaeology and biblical studies that allows the results of a wide cross-section of excavations and regional studies to contribute to the interpretation of the biblical text through an elucidation of the lifeways of the ancient world. By going beyond mere chronology and focusing on the social organization of biblical society, the Encyclopedia is an important methodological breakthrough for the study of the Bible and archaeology.

Published by Oxford University Press, 2011.

Table of Contents

Aelia Capitolina
Aging, Hellenistic and Roman Period
Animal Husbandry
Antioch on the Orontes
Art, Bronze and Iron Age
Art, Hellenistic and Roman Period
Bar Kokhba Caves
Beersheba (Forthcoming)
Beth-Shean, Bronze and Iron Age
Beth-Shean, Roman and Byzantine Period
Bible and Historical Geography
Caesarea Philippi
Capernaum (Forthcoming)
Central Anatolia (Forthcoming)
Central Hill Country
Ceramics Production, Bronze and Iron Age
Chronology of the Southern Levant
Cities, Villages, and Towns, Bronze and Iron Age
Coastal Plain
Cooking (Forthcoming)
Corn, Oil, and Wine Production
Death and Burial in the Jewish Diaspora
Death and Burial in the Roman World
Death and Burial, Bronze and Iron Age
Death and Burial, Hellenistic and Roman Period, Palestine
Diet, Bronze and Iron Age
Diet, Hellenistic and Roman Period
Domestic Architecture, Bronze and Iron Age
Domestic Architecture, Hellenistic and Roman Period (Forthcoming)
Dress, Bronze and Iron Age
Dress, Hellenistic and Roman Period
Economy, Bronze and Iron Age
Economy, Hellenistic and Roman Period
Egypt, Hellenistic and Roman
Family Structure, Hellenistic and Roman Period
Feasting, Bronze and Iron Age
Feasting, Hellenistic and Roman Period
Fortifications in the Bronze and Iron Age
Gender, Bronze and Iron Age
Gender, Roman Period
Gezer (Forthcoming)
Herodian Jericho
Horbat Rosh Zayit
Household Religion, Bronze and Iron Age
Household Religion, Hellenistic and Roman Period
Industry and Production, Hellenistic and Roman Period
Infancy, Childhood, Adulthood, Old Age, Bronze and Iron Age
Jericho (Forthcoming)
Jerusalem, Bronze and Iron Age (Forthcoming)
Jerusalem, Hellenistic and Roman
Jezreel Valley
Jordan Valley
Khirbet Qeiyafa
Literacy and Education, Hellenistic and Roman Period
Literacy, Iron Age
Marriage, Hellenistic and Roman Period
Metal Working, Bronze and Iron Age
Mount Ebal
Music and Dance, Bronze and Iron Age
Music and Dance, Hellenistic and Roman Period
Nabataean Arabia
Numismatics in Roman Palestine (Forthcoming)
Pompeii and Herculaneum (Forthcoming)
Puberty, Marriage, Sex, Reproduction, and Divorce, Bronze and Iron Age
Qumran (Forthcoming)
Ramat Rahel
Religion and Cult, Bronze and Iron Age (Forthcoming)
Religion, Judaism: Herodian Temple and Cult (Forthcoming)
Religion, Judaism: Purity in the Roman Period (Forthcoming)
Religion, Judaism: Synagogues, Palestine (Forthcoming)
Religion, Roman: Imperial Religion (Forthcoming)
Religion, Roman: Mystery Cults (Forthcoming)
Religion, Roman: Public Religion (Forthcoming)
Religion, Syria (Forthcoming)
Roman Forts and Fortifications (Forthcoming)
Roman Province of Asia
Rome (Ostia-Portus)
Samaria/Sebaste (Forthcoming)
Shechem (Forthcoming)
Stone Tools, Bronze and Iron Age
Tel Kedesh
Tell Deir Alla
Tell Dothan
Tell el-Farah (n)
Tell en-Nasbeh
Tell Hesban
Temples, Sanctuary, and Cult, Hellenistic and Roman Period
Textile Production, Bronze and Iron Age
Timnah, Tel Batash
Writing Materials and Practice in the Hellenistic and Roman Period

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