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The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Editor in Chief: Daniel M. Master

The connection between archaeology and the Bible was forged by the discoveries of the nineteenth century, and archaeological finds became the primary catalyst for changes in biblical studies throughout the twentieth century. A distinct subfield, Biblical Archaeology, as conceived by William Albright, arose in response to a wealth of information recovered from expeditions of importance for biblical studies.

For many years, under Albright's influence, the hybrid field of Biblical Archaeology had a life of its own in the United States and was considered a coherent discipline. But many outside of Albright's sphere were unsure whether this field was a division of biblical studies or part of the broader world of general archaeology and saw these two pursuits in some disciplinary tension. At the same time, biblical scholars grew increasingly skeptical that archaeology could provide context for the specific events of the biblical text. Individual excavations persisted, but work ceased to be framed by research designs derived from the questions of Biblical Archaeology.

Yet archaeologists of the last twenty years have continued to produce material for biblical studies that is too critical to be ignored: inscriptions such as the Tel Dan stele or Khirbet Qeiyafa ostracon, debates on the chronology and stratigraphy of the 10th century BCE or the stratigraphy of the Shechem temple, and publications such as those of the Jewish Quarter in Jerusalem or Herodian Jericho. Shifts in archaeological theory and biblical scholarship now present new potential for rapprochement between archaeology and the Bible. Recent archaeological work has uncovered the lifeways of the biblical world and begun to suggest how understanding these lifeways transforms the reading of the biblical text.

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology represents a new way of conceiving of the relationship between archaeology and biblical studies that allows the results of a wide cross-section of excavations and regional studies to contribute to the interpretation of the biblical text through an elucidation of the lifeways of the ancient world. By going beyond mere chronology and focusing on the social organization of biblical society, the Encyclopedia is an important methodological breakthrough for the study of the Bible and archaeology.

Published by Oxford University Press, 2013.


Table of Contents

Aelia Capitolina
Aging, Hellenistic and Roman Period
Agriculture
Animal Husbandry
Antioch on the Orontes
Arabia
Arad
Aram-Damascus
Art, Bronze and Iron Age
Art, Hellenistic and Roman Period
Ashdod
Ashkelon
Bar Kokhba Caves
Beersheba
Bethel
Bethlehem
Beth-Shean, Bronze and Iron Age
Beth-Shean, Roman and Byzantine Period
Beth-Shemesh
Bible and Historical Geography
Caesarea
Caesarea Philippi
Cana
Capernaum
Cappadocia
Central Anatolia
Central Hill Country
Ceramics Production, Bronze and Iron Age
Chronology of the Southern Levant
Cities, Villages, and Towns, Bronze and Iron Age
Coastal Plain
Cooking
Corinth
Corn, Oil, and Wine Production
Dan
Death and Burial in the Jewish Diaspora
Death and Burial in the Roman World
Death and Burial, Bronze and Iron Age
Death and Burial, Hellenistic and Roman Period, Palestine
Diet, Bronze and Iron Age
Diet, Hellenistic and Roman Period
Domestic Architecture, Bronze and Iron Age
Domestic Architecture, Hellenistic and Roman Period
Dress, Bronze and Iron Age
Dress, Hellenistic and Roman Period
Economy, Bronze and Iron Age
Economy, Hellenistic and Roman Period
Egypt, Hellenistic and Roman
Ekron
Ephesus
Ethnoarchaeology
Family Structure, Hellenistic and Roman Period
Feasting, Bronze and Iron Age
Feasting, Hellenistic and Roman Period
Fortifications in the Bronze and Iron Age
Galatia
Galilee
Gamla
Gath
Gaza
Gender, Bronze and Iron Age
Gender, Roman Period
Gezer
Hazor
Hebron
Herodian Jericho
Herodium
Hippos
Horbat Rosh Zayit
Household Religion, Bronze and Iron Age
Household Religion, Hellenistic and Roman Period
Industry and Production, Hellenistic and Roman Period
Infancy, Childhood, Adulthood, Old Age, Bronze and Iron Age
Jericho
Jerusalem, Bronze and Iron Age
Jerusalem, Hellenistic and Roman
Jezreel
Jezreel Valley
Jordan Valley
Khirbet Qeiyafa
Lachish
Literacy and Education, Hellenistic and Roman Period
Literacy, Iron Age
Macedonia
Marriage, Hellenistic and Roman Period
Masada
Megiddo
Metal Working, Bronze and Iron Age
Moab
Mount Ebal
Music and Dance, Bronze and Iron Age
Music and Dance, Hellenistic and Roman Period
Nabataean Arabia
Nazareth
Negev
Numismatics in Roman Palestine
Nysa-Scythopolis
Phrygia
Pompeii and Herculaneum
Puberty, Marriage, Sex, Reproduction, and Divorce, Bronze and Iron Age
Qumran
Ramat Rahel
Rehob
Religion and Cult, Bronze and Iron Age
Religion, Judaism
Religion, Roman
Religion, Syria
Roman Forts and Fortifications
Roman Province of Asia
Rome (Ostia-Portus)
Samaria/Sebaste
Sepphoris
Shechem
Shephelah
Shiloh
Stone Tools, Bronze and Iron Age
Tel Kedesh
Tell Balata
Tell Deir Alla
Tell Dothan
Tell el-Farʿah (n)
Tell en-Naṣbeh
Tell Hesban
Tell Miqne
Temples, Sanctuary, and Cult, Hellenistic and Roman Period
Textile Production, Bronze and Iron Age
Tiberias
Timnah, Tel Batash
Writing Materials and Practice in the Hellenistic and Roman Period

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